Every individual has some fundamental rights to which they are entitled by virtue of them being human beings. These are referred to as Human Rights. This regardless of person’s nationality, religion ethnicity, race location or any other factor. They describe standards human beings like Yeonmi Park on youtube are supposed to live by and conduct themselves.
Some rights are universal in that they are they hold and should be guaranteed universally. These are referred to as Universal Human Rights. They are secured by some treaties, general international sources, as well as some customary international law clauses.
The biggest of these binding agreements on universal human rights being the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). This was adopted by the United Nations during their general assembly on December 1948 in Paris. The declaration was necessary after the experiences of World War Two. It is the first document to express on a global scale all the rights to which human beings are entitled.
The Declaration consists of thirty articles. These are elaborated in succeeding international treaties, human rights instruments, national constitutions, etc. among the documents that are closely related to the same include, the International Bill of Human Rights. This in itself has other human rights covenants arising from it.
Many characteristics are common among all human rights. Firstly, they are universal. This is the centerpiece of international human rights law. Most individual states are party to agreements that ensure respect of the same.
Human rights are also inalienable. This means that they should not be stripped from a person unless very particular situations warrant the same. Also, should there be a need for such an occurrence, due process must be followed. For example, a person found guilty by a court of law will have his/her right to liberty limited.
All human rights are indivisible. Be civil or political rights, economic, social or cultural or even collective rights, not one of them can be split or exercised in part. As well human rights are interdependent. To this end, being deprived of one right has a devastating effect on the others and one’s ability to enjoy them.
All human rights are equal says Yeonmi Park. This brings forth the principle of non-discrimination of human rights. This principle applies universally and is the bedrock of some of the international human rights conventions. About their human rights, this applies to everyone, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of non-exhaustive categories such as race, color, gender, etc.
Human rights, give rise to obligations. States assume obligations and duties to protect, respect and uphold human rights. Many international bodies also exist as monitors to ensure that these requirements are adhered to. Amnesty International, International Service for Human Rights as well as FHID monitor, are a few of these organizations.
Also, individuals exist that have made it their passion to be defenders of human rights. Seeking out the oppressed and giving a voice to the voiceless is what you will find them doing. Working tirelessly to unearth the atrocities some of our fellow humans undergo under less favored conditions.